What Is Truth? And Can We Know It? Why we can trust Scripture's promises March 11th, 2019 Mike Anderson
What Is Truth? And Can We Know It?
What Is Truth? And Can We Know It? Why we can trust Scripture's promises March 11th, 2019 Mike Anderson
Bible Engager’s Blog

Shortly after I became a Christian, I was encouraged to memorize Bible verses. I remember deriving great comfort from memorizing Romans 8:28: “And we know that for those who love God, all things work together for good, for those who are called according to his purpose” (ESV). Then one day a scary thought crossed my mind, one I now know was not unique to me: “What if that’s not true?” It’s not a self-evident truth, and much of my experience doesn’t seem to work for my good. “How can I really know?” I wondered.

In Parts I and II of this blog series, we saw that the mark of a true disciple is abiding in the words of Jesus, written down for us in the Bible (John 8:31). Today, though, I want to examine the first promise Jesus makes to those who abide in his word: “You will know the truth” (John 8:32). Jesus is telling us that the truth is knowable, and if you abide in his word you will know it.

Two perspectives on truth…

There was a time when almost nobody would dispute that truth was knowable; the issue was how to find it. That’s no longer the case. We find several different opinions about truth around us today, which might be grouped into a couple of categories.

  1. Some people still believe it is possible to know the truth—but only through what we can observe with our senses or figure out through reason. This is the basic modern mindset left over from the European “Enlightenment.” To over-simplify this view, the only things we can really know are observable facts. Everything else is faith—mere opinion. We can know that the earth is about 93 million miles from the sun: that’s “true” or “factual.” But if we want to claim that God exists, we need faith. God’s existence can’t be tested through our bodily senses, so we cannot know it’s true. Philosopher David Hume famously said that any claim to truth not rooted in mathematical or experimental reasoning should be “committed to the flames.”
  2. For others, skepticism runs even deeper. They question whether any truth is knowable at all. This is the postmodern take on truth. It recognizes that all of us, even scientists, inevitably choose and interpret the evidence we observe through the lenses of our particular culture, experiences, place in society, and so forth. (Think of the famous parable from India about the blind men and the elephant.) If we claim to know the “objective” truth we impose our own view on other people, devaluing their perspectives. And that’s just arrogant. Everything we think we know is thus just a matter of opinion. And expressing an opinion as though it is true for others as well is an attempt to exercise power over others.

… And their blind spot

You can see how both of these views make it hard to hear Jesus’s claim that he has truth, we can know it, and that his truth will set us free. How can we believe him?

First, we can recognize that the Enlightenment and postmodern perspectives are themselves claims to truth. Enlightenment thought relies on assumptions it cannot prove experimentally. Postmodern thought is itself imposing an arrogant opinion (how can you correct the blind man claiming the elephant is a tree, unless you’re claiming to see the whole elephant?). Increasingly, academic philosophers and average people are recognizing both of these perspectives as self-contradictory—and unsatisfactory.

How we know

Ultimately, truth reaches much deeper than anything we can observe with our senses. The Bible claims that all truth flows from God himself. And if the infinitely powerful God of the Bible does exist, and if he wanted to talk to people so that they’d know the truth, isn’t it possible he could make sure the truth got through?

Here’s Jesus, and that’s what he says loud and clear: If you abide in my word, you will know the truth. He’s saying, “I have the power to speak in such a way that despite the fact that we’re different people, despite the fact that we have different backgrounds, cultures, sexes, and desires, despite the fact that we live thousands of years apart, despite the fact that I tell you about things you haven’t touched, tasted, seen, smelled, or felt, despite the fact that you don’t have a PhD, if you abide in—if you hold fast to and live out and put into practice—the things I’ve said, you will know the truth.”

So yes, you and I can know that for those who love God, all things work together for good—but we cannot know this looking in from the outside. We cannot know fully until we are starting to do what Jesus has said.

You inhabit a culture different from the apostle Paul who first penned those comforting words. It’s true that people have also misused this passage in service of their own power. And there are depths of meaning in these words (and the rest of the Bible) that we may never fully understand. Nonetheless, they are part of Jesus’s word to you. According to Jesus, if you abide in them, you will know—experientially, for yourself—the truth they communicate.

Life as a disciple of Jesus, then, is not merely doing. Rather, doing leads to knowing, and knowing leads to doing. Knowledge is a necessary part of following Jesus. In the next part of this blog series, we’ll explore the part it plays.

Mike Anderson
Mike Anderson

Mike Anderson is the Congregational Pastor of Citylight Church's Center City congregation in Philadelphia, PA. He and a team of 40 others planted the congregation in 2015. You can find and connect with him on Twitter @Mike_K_Anderson.

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